Watch Out for Those at High Risk
Although any one at any time can suffer from heat-related illness, some people are at greater risk than others.
- Infants and children up to four years of age are sensitive to the effects of high temperatures and rely on others to regulate their environments and provide adequate liquids.
- People 65 years of age or older may not compensate for heat stress efficiently and are less likely to sense and respond to change in temperature.
- The homeless can become dehydrated rapidly due to a lack of ready access to water or shelter from the heat. If you observe someone who appears passed out, please contact 911 immediately.
- People who are overweight may be prone to heat sickness because of their tendency to retain more body heat.
- People who overexert during work or exercise may become dehydrated and susceptible to heat sickness.
- People who are physically ill, especially with heart disease or high blood pressure, or who take certain medications, such as for depression, insomnia, or poor circulation, may be affected by extreme heat.
Plan to check on family, friends, and neighbors – especially the elderly - who do not have air conditioning or who spend much of their time alone.
Visit adults at risk at least twice a day and closely watch them for signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Infants and young children, of course, need much more frequent watching.
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